Crude Carriers & Product Tankers and Barges OPA '90 requires the complete replacement of single hulled tank ves- sels to be used in the U.S. petroleum crude and product carrier and related trades in five-year intervals at the end of 2005, 2010 and 2015.
There is a groundswell of commitment for mandating the installation of "black boxes" aboard ships, so that in the in the unlikely case of a disaster, history will not repeat itself. At an estimated cost of $75,000 to $150,000 per ship, however, safety
REVIEW AND OUTLOOK The year 1982 began with a relatively healthy amount of work in hand but a weak order book. CSSRA yard employment reached a 10-year high of 14,200 in March but by December this had become a 10-year low of 8,500, a drop of 5,700 people or 40 percent of the work force.
The theoretical world ro-ro fleet container capacity is almost half that of the world containership fleet. This startling fact emerges from the new Register of Ro-Ro Vessels, just published by international shipping consultants, Westinform. It